Electrowetting on Polymer Dispersed Liquid Crystal

Abstract

Polymer dispersed liquid crystal (PDLC) is used as a dielectric layer in electrowetting. By applying voltage between a liquid droplet and the electrode underlying PDLC, electrowetting occurs at the liquid/PDLC interface accompanied with electro-optic responses of the reoriented LC droplets embedded in PDLC. Two basic experiments investigating the electrowetting by sessile water droplets and the electro-optic effects through squeezed water droplets were design and performed. The basic functions of a liquid lens and droplet manipulations, including transporting, splitting, and merging, were demonstrated.

An electrowetting-driven liquid lens using PDLC as the dielectric layer.
(a) No voltage applied. (b) Voltage applied.

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